Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

1

Natl J Med Res. 2016; 6(1): 95-97


Trends of Nosocomial Infections in A Private hospital of Surat, Gujarat

Latika N Purohit, Prashant V Kariya.

Abstract
Background: Nosocomial infection or hospital acquired infection refers to the infection occurring in patients after admission at the hospital that was neither present nor incubating at the time of admission. Infection occurring more than 48 hours after admission is usually considered nosocomial. These nosocomial infections (NI) occur among 7-12% of the hospitalized patients globally with more than 1.4 million people suffering from the infectious complications acquired in the hospital.
Methodology: The current study was done in a multi speciality hospital of Surat, Gujarat. This hospital is having Surgery, Obs & Gynec, Medicine, Orthopedic speciality under one roof. All patients admitted in the hospital from January 2015 to June 2015 were analysed for Nosocomial Infections. CDC (Centre for disease control & prevention) guidelines were used to identify nosocomial infections. Total 125 patients were enrolled in the study.
Result: In our study, total 125 patients were diagnosed as having nosocomial infections in two years. Out of these, 58 (46.4%) were female and 67 (53.6%) were male. Thus, male predominance was observed. We observed that Urinary tract infection (UTI) was the most common Nosocomial infection. Out of total 125 patients, 48 (38.4%) were having UTI. Surgical site infection (SSI) was the second most common culprit. SSI was observed in 32 (25.6%) patients. It was followed by sepsis (20%). It was observed that E.Coli was the most common micro-organism isolated from UTI and SSI patients. Whereas, Staph. Aureus and Klebsiella were the most common micro-organism isolated from patients of Sepsis and LRTI respectively. In patients of UTI and SSI, Psedomonas and Klebsiella were other common organisms isolated. From many samples, more than 1 micro-organism was isolated.

Key words: Nosocomial Infection, Surgical site infection, Urinary tract infection



Share this Article


Advertisement
American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons