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IJHSR. 2016; 6(5): 13-24

The Pattern of Aspirin Use in Patients with Heart Failure at Mohammad Hoes in Hospital Palembang from 1st June 2013-30th July 2014.

Mgs Irsan Saleh, Theodorus, Fredy Tandri.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of aspirin use in patients with HF.
Method: A drug utilization study has been done for 2 months through using medical records of patients with HF at Mohammad Hoesin Hospital from 1 June 2013-30 July 2014. There were 341 patients with HF who fulfilled inclusion criteria. Frequency descriptive used SPSS v.22.
Results: The highest proportion of patients with HF was in men (54.5%), aged 41-60 years (48.7%), and housewife (19.6%), prehypertension systolic (32.3%) and diastolic (34.3%) pressure, normal pulse rate (81.2%), and normal respiratory rate (53.7%). The prevalence of HF was 1.01%. The prevalence of aspirin use was 72.4% with the highest prevalence in men (44.28%), aged 41-60 years (36.95%), and history of Hypertensive Heart Disease (46.04%). The highest proportion of aspirin use was at dose of 80 mg/day (81.8%), using once a day (99.6%), and duration of ≤ 1 week (70.9%). 90.7% of aspirin were used with loop diuretics; mostly antagonist interactions (54.7%) were found in this study.
Conclusions: The prevalence of aspirin use in HF was moderate. The irregular use of single low-dose aspirin were widely used in patients with HF. There was high incidence of antagonistic interaction of aspirin in this study (54.7%).

Key words: Aspirin, Heart failure, HF, Heart disease.

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