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Knowledge, attitude, and practice among mothers towards female circumcision Ombada province Khartoum state, Sudan

Ebtihal Alamen Esmeal, Abd Elbasit Elawad Mohammed Ahmed, Hisham Ali Waggiallah, Yousif Mohammed Almosaad.

Abstract
Background: Female circumcision (FC) is a widespread practice that is carried out on young girls between the ages of 5 and 10 years, it is not a religious obligation required by known religions. It is practiced mainly in Africa and in some Asian countries.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Ombada province, with objectives to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices among mothers towards female circumcision.
Results: Three-hundred-and-sixty-eight - questionnaires were returned. The mean age of the mothers participated in study was (32±11.9) years, (51.0%) of them had formal education and (84.5%) were Muslim. All mothers knew female circumcision, (80.2%) of them affirmed that it is still practiced in their society. The significant reasons why FC persistent practice were; to insure virginity, compliance religious instructions, avoid social stigma, good for prospective marriages, with proportion of (52.2%), (32.9%), (10.2%) and (4.7%), respectively. The majority of mothers were known its health consequences, (85.0%) of mothers knew that female circumcision it can be eradicated through increasing mother’s awareness (68.0%). The attitude of mothers towards (FC) was negative attitude (71.5%) i.e. encouraging it. The negative attitudes were associated with marriage prospective (29.7%), safeguard virginity (27.4%), religious instructions (19.0%), husband pleasure (11.4%), removal of genitalia dirtiness (5.7%), and tradition practice (5.3%). Whereas Type I, clitoridectomy (Sauna) the most preferred type by mothers (43.9%).
Conclusions: Mothers participating in the study aware about FC While, the practice and negative attitudes is still persistent among mothers in northern Sudan, supported by religious, culture, social, tradition and misconceptions.

Key words: FC, Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice



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