Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

1



Prescribing pattern of antibiotics in pedodontics OPD of tertiary care dental hospital in Dhule district

Swapnil Balkrishna Kaikade, Nitin Dnyaneshwar Pise.

Abstract
Background: Antibiotics are prescribed in dental practice for prophylactic and therapeutic reasons. Prophylactic antibiotics are prescribed to prevent diseases caused by members of the oral flora introduced to distant sites in a host at risk or introduced to a local compromised site in a host at risk. Although a number of studies on antibiotic use have been carried out, controversies still exist in areas such as prophylaxis, interactions and their use after both minor and intermediate oral surgical procedures. These controversies lead to inappropriate and unnecessary antibiotic use in humans. The objective of this study was to study prescribing frequency of antimicrobial agents and to study prescribing frequency of particular brand of antibiotic agent.
Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in outpatient department of pedodontics of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Three hundred prescriptions were randomly collected over a period of 30 days. The data was then analysed to find out the prescribing pattern.
Results: In the present study, 67% of the total prescriptions had at least one antibiotic and amoxicillin is the most frequently prescribed antibiotic while co-amoxyclav is the most frequently prescribed fixed dose combination. Amongst fixed dose combination of amoxycillin and clavulanic acid, megamox CV (55%) is the most frequently prescribed brand followed by moxclav kid (34%). For amoxycillin, novamox (60%) is the most frequently prescribed brand followed by moxkid (31%) and megamox (8%).
Conclusions: Most reports on antibiotic use in dentistry show amoxicillin or other penicillin-based drugs to be the most commonly used. This trend is based on the established efficacy of penicillin based drugs on bacteria involved in odontogenic infections. Increasingly resistant strains are being reported in odontogenic infections, hence the need for constant antibiotic pharmacovigilance.

Key words: Prescription pattern, Antibiotics, Pedodontics, OPD



Share this Article


Advertisement
Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES)

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons