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23

PAFMJ. 2015; 63(3): 339-344


EFFECT OF CORN SILK EXTRACT ON ACETAMINOPHEN INDUCED RENAL DAMAGE IN MICE

Faiza Mehboob, Mohammad Tahir.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the protective role of Corn Silk extract on Acetaminophen induced nephrotoxicity in albino mice.
Study Design: Laboratory based randomized controlled trials.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in experimental research laboratory University of Health Sciences and Anatomy department, Lahore. The study duration was one year from February 2012 to February 2013.
Material and Methods: Twenty seven male albino mice, 6-8 weeks old weighing 30  5 gm, were used; these animals were randomly divided into three groups having nine mice in each group. Group A served as control and was given 16.6ml/kg normal saline intraperitoneally on first day of experiment and was sacrificed on 10th day of the experiment. Group B was treated with acetaminophen 600 mg/kg dissolved in 16.6 ml of normal saline intraperitoneally on 1st day of experiment and was sacrificed after 48 hours. Group C was given acetaminophen at a dose of 600 mg/kg intraperitoneally on first day of experiment and then corn silk extract was given by oral route at a dose of 400 mg/kg for next 8 days. The animals were sacrificed on 10th day of the experiment, the kidneys were removed; 3mm three tissue pieces were fixed in 10% formaline; processed and stained with H&E for histological study.
Results: It was observed on microscopic examination that Corn silk extract reduced deleterious effects of acetaminophen on tubules of kidney as evidenced by reduction of tubular vacuolation and necrosis, absence of protein casts, vascular congestion and inflammation.
Conclusion: It is concluded from current results that corn silk extract protects acetaminophen induced nephrotoxicity.

Key words: Acetaminophen, Corn silk extract, Mice, Nephrotoxicity.



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