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Cukurova Med J. 2017; 42(1): 66-72

Evaluation of etiology of chronic cough in children

Yasin Yıldız, Mahir İğde.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the etiology and underlying risk factors of chornic cough in children.
Material and Methods: The study group included 90 patients aged between 6-17 selected from individuals who presented with cough persisting for four weeks and 30 further patients as the control group. For chronic cough approach to guide the 2006 American College of Chest Physicians guidelines was modeled.
Results: The prevalence of night cough was 47.8%, atopy in the family was 67.8%, exposure to smoke was 50% in this sample. Also there were significant risk factor such as exercise and seasonal variations. Asthma is the most commonly observed in 27 patients (30%) All patients received at least one antibiotic treatment and second frequently ratio to 67.4% were found to use antitussive drugs.
Conclusion: The patients who was admitted with chronic cough should be questioned in history for exposure to smoke, nutrition, atopy in the family and postnasal drip, the length of expiration, wheezing like symptoms should be examined in physical examination. Thus, by preventing the delay in the diagnosis of patients with stage the rates of unnecessary diagnostic procedures will be reduced. Also we would be able to prevent the excessive use of drugs.

Key words: Kronik öksürük, astım, atopi

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