Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

1



A comparative prospective study to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of pantoprazole monotherapy versus pantoprazole and itopride dual therapy in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease in a tertiary care hospital

Pradeep Kumar BT, Mamatha KR, Nagesh NS, Jayanthi CR, Bharath Kumar VD.

Abstract
Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common chronic, relapsing condition that carries a risk of significant morbidity and potential mortality from resultant complications. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) remained as the main stay in the therapy of GERD but they do not have any role in increasing the tone of lower esophageal sphincter which is the main pathophysiology of GERD. In this regard addition of prokinetic agent like Itopride may be beneficial in improving the symptoms associated with GERD. So the present study has been taken to compare the healing rates of esophagitis and reduction in symptom scores associated with GERD between Pantoprazole monotherapy and Pantoprazole plus Itopride combination.
Methods: 100 patients diagnosed with GERD were randomly assigned into two groups, Group A and Group B. Group A received tablet Pantoprazole 40 mg twice daily alone and group B received tablet Pantoprazole 40 mg twice daily and tablet Itopride 50 mg thrice daily 30 minutes before food for 4 weeks. The patients were followed up at the end of 4 weeks and were given the questionnaire to assess the FSSG scores. Endoscopy and FSSG scores were recorded and then the percentage of responders in both groups was compared.
Results: Endoscopic evidence of healing of esophagitis was similar in both the groups, 72% in Group A and 74% in Group B. The symptom relief was significantly more in Pantaprozole plus Itopride group 74.5% (4.21.6) than Pantaprozole alone 62.5% (6.41.1) after 4 weeks (p < 0.001).The occurrence of side effects was less in group B compared to group A (22% vs 30%, p= 0.172).
Conclusions: Pantoprazole and combination of Pantoprazole plus Itopride provide more effective endoscopic healing of esophagitis. Pantoprazole and Itopride combination is more efficacious in ameliorating the symptoms of GERD than Pantoprazole alone.

Key words: Pantoprazole, GERD, LES, Itopride, PPIs, Prokinetics, Esophagitis, FSSG scores



Share this Article


Advertisement
American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons