Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

23

Natl J Integr Res Med. 2016; 7(3): 60-63


Bacteriological Profile Of Nosocomial Pneumonia Patients In A Superspeciality Hospital

Urvashi Tiwari*, Poonam Loomba**, Vinita Dogra**, Bibhabati Mishra***.

Abstract
Background: To ascertain the bacteriological profile of patients with nosocomial pneumonia in endotracheal cultures and correlation with blood cultures. Methodology: 559 endotracheal aspirates were collected using mucous traps from 180 patients of suspected nosocomial pneumonia patients over 2 years. The samples were processed and a colony count of 104cfu/ml was taken as the cut-off to differentiate between pathogens and colonizers. Identification and sensitivity of bacterial isolates was done with the help of Vitek 2. Blood for culture was processed as per standard techniques. Results & Conclusion: Klebsiella sp.(33%) was the commonest bacteria isolated, followed by Acinetobacter baumanii, Pseudomonas sp., Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. 25% of Acinetobacter spp. and 40% of Pseudomonas spp were pandrug resistant. Mostly non-fermenters were sensitive to Tigecycline and Colistin. Enterobacteriaceae showed highest resistance for Cephalosporins and Cotrimoxazole but were mostly sensitive to Tigecycline. Staphylococcus aureus was uniformly sensitive to Linezolid and Teicoplanin. Blood cultures were positive in 52(9.3%) patients of which pulmonary origin bacteremia was present in 33 patients while non-pulmonary origin bacteremia was present in 19 patients. The pulmonary care bundle along with rational use of antibiotics will go a long way to improve treatment outcome, patient morbidity and mortality. [Tiwari U NJIRM 2016; 7(3):60 - 63]

Key words: Antibiogram, Bacteremia, Endotracheal aspirate, Nosocomial pneumonia.



Share this Article


Advertisement
Progress in Orthopedic Science

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons