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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2016; 7(8): 712-715


HIV Prevalence among Patients of Sexually Transmitted Infection in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Western India

Dr. Hitesh M Shah, Dr. Amit S Mistry, Dr. Deepak Umarigar.

Abstract
"Introduction: With rapid urbaniza-tion and Industrialization of our cities Sexually Transmitted Diseas-es (STD) and Human Immunodefi-ciency Virus (HIV) is becoming ma-jor public health problem. Present study was planned with following objectives to know the socio demo-graphic profile of STD patients re-porting to a tertiary care hospital during study period and to know HIV seropositivity amongst STD patients in a tertiary care hospital.
Material and Methods: This was an observational, descriptive case study of total 240 patients with sexually transmitted diseases who attended dermatological depart-ment of New Civil Hospital, Surat in time period between January 2003 and June 2004.
Observation: Total of 240 patients of STIs were evaluated. Male to fe-male ration was 3.4:1. Majority of patients belongs to age group be-tween 16-35 years of age group. Herpes progenitalis was common-est STI diagnosed (48.75). HIV sero-positivity amongst studied patient was 18.3%. Commercial sex work-ers were most common source of infection. HIV sero positivity rate in migrant population was 17.56%.
Conclusion: Migration, lower socio-economic status, level of education are important social factor for spread of STIs and HIV. Viral Sex-ually Transmitted Infections (STI)s were prevalent than Bacterial STIs in this study.
"

Key words: "Sexually Transmitted Infec-tion(STI)s, Migration, Urbanization, HIV "



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