Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Article

PAFMJ. 2016; 66(4): 553-557


PSYCHIATRIC MORBIDITY AND ASSOCIATED SOCIO DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS IN YOUNG UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE

Usama Bin Zubair, Sawera Mansoor, Mowaddat Hussain Rana, Usman Ali, Abdul Raafeh Jamal, Huzaifa Qureshi.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in young unemployed people and analyze associated socio demographic factors.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Enrollment camps at Punjab and Kashmir, from Jan 2014 to March 2014.
Material and Methods: The sample population comprised of unemployed people who came for recruitment in Pakistan Army at different parts of the country. General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ12) was used to screen the population for psychiatric morbidity, 3 was used as cut off score. Age, province, education, level of family income, tobacco smoking, naswar (a tobacco based substance) use, marital status, dependent family members, worrying about the future and social support status were correlated with high GHQ score. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the characteristics of participants and the distribution of GHQ score.
Result: Out of 2511 people 1887 (75.1%) had GHQ score more than 3 showing some psychiatric morbidity. A total of 696 were Kashmiris out of which 540 (77.5%) were GHQ positive, 1329 were Punjabis out of which 978 (73.5%) were GHQ positive, 339 were Pakhtoons out of which 258 (76.1%) were GHQ positive, 129 were Balti out of which 102 (79%) were GHQ positive and 18 were from other ethnicities out of which 9 (50%) were GHQ positive. With logistic regression we found that family size, smoking, naswar use, family income, family history of psychiatric disorder, lack of social support, and low education were significantly correlated with high GHQ score while age of individual, worry about future and marital status had no significant relation with high GHQ score among unemployed people in our study.
Conclusion: This study showed a high prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among unemployed youth of our country. Special attention should be paid to poor people, people with low education and large families. Adequate social support should be provided to young people with no jobs and use of cigarette and naswar should be discouraged.

Key words: Prevalence, Psychiatric morbidity, Socio demographic factors, Unemployment.



Share this Article


Advertisement
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons