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Al-Qassim industrial area and its role in changing the diseases patterns among workers over the past five years (2011-2015)

Mustafa Mohammed Mustafa, Ayman El behiry, Yousif Mohammed El Mossad.

Abstract
Background: Rapid growing in the economy in Saudi Arabia was observed in the last ten years, an increase in industrial growth rate, followed by an increase in the number of new workers, which requires further action for, prevention and control of occupational health.
Methods: This was a descriptive- retrospective study depended on the medical records of employees who attending Qassim Industrial area, from the year 2011 to 2015. The study aimed to evaluate the role of industries in changing the diseases patterns among workers over the past five years and to assess the distribution of these patterns among the different types of industries. Samples were selected from the 25 factories, it represented the most common and hazardous industries in the region. Medical records used were only the records in a health center in the area. The study included workers in different sections of the factories. All of the team members were oriented about the objectives and other issues related to the study.
Results: The study showed a marked increase in the overall prevalence rate of non-communicable diseases under the study (cardiovascular diseases, eye, derma, respiratory infection, hearing, impairment, and diabetes) from 7.1% to 15.7% from the year 2011 to 2015.
Conclusions: A marked increase in the overall prevalence rate of studied non-communicable disease shown from the year 2011 to 2015, comparing with the year 2011 when respondents joined their work, while no changes in the nature of the disease and no new unspecified types of diseases were recorded.

Key words: International labor organization, Medical records, Occupational, Qassim industrial area, Patterns, Workers, Workplace safety, Work environment



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