Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

1

IJAVMS. 2012; 6(5): 385-391


Prevalence and awareness of cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Government servants of Muzaffarabad, the capital of Azad Kashmir

Muhammad Saleem Khan Abbasi, Wajid Aziz, Nazneen Habib, Huda Saleem, Atif Abbasi.

Abstract
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is leading cause of mortality in the developing countries. This study was to determine the prevalence and awareness of risk factors for CAD in apparently healthy Government servants employed in the Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Secretariat Muzaffarabad. A cross-sectional community based survey was conducted involving 515 Government servants. The prevalence of CAD risk factors were assessed on the basis of questionnaire and on medical examination. The self-reported risk factors, Blood pressure and anthropometric data were recorded. Blood samples were obtained for laboratory investigation of random blood sugar and cholesterol. Chi square test was used to find the association of different risk factors with hypertension. The odds ratios were calculated by applying multivariate logistic regression. Physical inactivity (53.98%) was the most dominant risk factor in the study group. The prevalence of hypertension on questionnaire was 16.3% and on medical examination was 21.94%; 32.62% were overweight or obese; 33.20% were smokers and 49.90% have smoking exposure; 31.68% of urban and 49.80% rural population employees had no CAD risk factors; 32.58% urban and 17.79% of rural population had more than two CAD risk factors. The most prevalent risk factors of CAD in our study population were physical inactivity, high cholesterol, obesity, hypertension, smoking and its exposure. Most of the government servants in AJK were aware of the major CAD risk factors. CAD was more prevalent in the employees of the urban community.

Key words: Azad Kashmir, Coronary Artery Diseases, Hypertension, Risk Factors



Share this Article


Advertisement
Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Article Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons