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IJHSR. 2016; 6(11): 1-12


Preventive Practices of Infectious Disease Control and Its Socio-Demographic Determinants among Urban Market Attendees in IMO State, Nigeria.

Chukwuma B. Duru, Anthony C. Iwu, Kenechi A. Uwakwe, Kevin C. Diwe, Irene A. Merenu,Kinsley I Achigbu, Henry N. Chineke, Emmanuel U. Ndukwu, Alison a. Ohiri, Bright C. Nwatamole.

Abstract
Background: The market place occupies an important socio-cultural and economic position in the lives of Nigerians. It attracts a diverse group of people with varying levels of preventive practices towards infectious disease control thereby increasing the risk and transmission of infectious diseases.
Objective: To determine the knowledge, attitude, preventive practices and sociodemographic determinants of infectious disease control preventive practices among market participants in Owerri, Imo State. Nigeria.
Methods: The study design was a cross sectional descriptive type using and the participants were selected from two major urban markets in Imo State using the multistage sampling technique. Data was collected using a pretested, semi-structured, interviewer administered questionnaire. Descriptive data was presented as frequency tables and summary statistics. Chi square statistics were computed to determine significant relationships between variables and p-value was set at 0.05 significant levels.
Results: The results revealed that the majority of the respondents had a good/high level of knowledge (66.8%), good/positive attitude (76.2%) and a good/high level of preventive practice (73.6%) towards infectious disease control. About 15-30% of the respondents were of the strong opinion or at least, undecided that infectious disease can be transmitted through charms, evil spirit and nemesis; and also that prayers and traditional homes were better than hospitals in the treatment of infectious disease. Similarly, about 10-23% of the respondents never or rarely avoid direct contact with people, cover nose or mouth when coughing, sleep under insecticide bed nets or regularly attend medical check-up. It was further revealed that there were statistically significant relationships between the level of preventive practices and age (p

Key words: Preventive practices, infectious disease, determinants, market, Nigeria.



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