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IJHSR. 2016; 6(11): 132-142

Effect of Age and Body Mass Index on Various Clinical and Anthropometric Parameters of Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Case-Control Study.

Mohammad Mustufa Khan, Gyanendra Kumar Sonkar, Roshan Alam, Sudhir,M. Salman Khan, Satyendra Kumar Sonkar, Ajay Kumar.

Background: Though much research has been carried out, still the pathological pathway of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is unclear. Prevalence of the disease is increasing with increment in comorbidities in younger to older Indian population.
Aim: The aim of this case-control study was to investigate the association of age intervals and Body Mass Index (BMI) with various clinical and anthropometric parameters in T2DM and age-matched healthy controls (AMHCs).
Methods: Total 300 subjects (150 T2DM and 150 AMHCs) were enrolled from urban and rural Northern India. Clinical and anthropometric parameters [BMI, Waist Circumference (WC) and Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR)] were analyzed in all subjects and associated with age groups (25-35 years, 36-45 years, 46-55 years, 56-65 years and 66-75 years) and BMI groups (underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese).
Statistical analysis: P values were calculated by ANOVA unpaired t-test. p

Key words: Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Body Mass Index, Glycated Haemoglobin, Waist Circumference, Waist-Hip Ratio.

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