Background and Objectives: Nocturnal enuresis is any type of bed wetting occurring in children at night when they are asleep in discrete amount after 5 years of age, according to International Children’s Continence Society (ICCS). It leads to frustration in the child leading to poor self esteem, social withdrawal causing family stress. There are various methods to assess and evaluate the condition, but questionnaire is one of the popular and widely used methods in conducting big inquiries. It can be used as an outcome measure for evaluating the prevalence and awareness; hence our aim was to construct a new questionnaire on nocturnal enuresis in children with emphasis on awareness among parents on nocturnal enuresis by considering the standard definition.
Materials and Methods: Questionnaire was formulated by thorough literature review, opinions and comments from the medical professionals and language translation from the university professor. Questionnaire consist of 2 components, to assess the prevalence and to know the awarness among parents on nocturnal enuresis. 30 typically developing children from 6-15years of either gender were assessed. Questionnaire was filled by the parents, response was obtained using close ended questions. Reliability of the questionnaire was done for English and the local language Kannada. Completely filled questionnaires were further evaluated for the analysis.
Results and Conclusion: The r value for test-retest reliability for prevalence and awareness components were r=0.9547; r=0.9874 respectively. For determining the internal consistency cronbach’s alpha values were obtained in both the languages, for night time wetting component the cronbach’s value was 0.8420 for English, 0.7221for Kannada. In Awareness component it was 0.9258 for English and 0.8678 for Kannada. It was concluded that the self administered questionnaire on nocturnal enuresis is a reliable instrument tool to assess the prevalence and awareness.
Nocturnal enuresis, Reliability, Questionnaire, Children, Parents, Awareness