Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

1

Vom J. Vet. Sci.. 2016; 11(1): 1-12


EFFECTS OF ONION (Allium cepa) AND CHLORAMPHENICOL ON HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS, HISTOPATHOLOGY AND SURVIVAL OF CATFISH Clarias gariepinus (burchell, 1822) SUB-ADULT INFECTED WITH Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Mavis Oghenebrorhie AMREVUAWHO, Adeolu Akanji AKINYEMI, Adeoye Joshua OYEWUSI, Olufunmilayo Mobolaji BANKOLE and Godfrey Nnamdi Onyenoro EZERI.

Abstract
The study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial characteristics, immunostimulant ability and survival of P. aeruginosa infected Clarias gariepinus sub-adult exposed to chloramphenicol and Allium cepa (onion). Ninety Clarias gariepinus sub-adult fishes were used for the study. They were divided into three groups of thirty fishes each. The antibacterial efficacy of chloramphenicol and onion extract was screened against type culture of P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853 at 100%, 75% and 50% concentration using agar well diffusion method. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using determined. P. aeruginosa infected fish were exposed to chloramphenicol and onion in vivo in prolonged bath treatment twice daily for 7 days. A total of six (6) experimental fish from the treatments were tested for their cellular immune response to P. aeruginosa and to the different treatment. Histological changes were evaluated before, after challenge and after treatment. Percentage survival was calculated by recording number of mortality. There was no significant (p> 0.05) difference in their susceptibility to the test bacteria. However, MIC for chloramphenicol and onion were greater than 50mg/ml and MBC of 50mg/ml was only obtained for onion. Haematological values of infected fish revealed significant (p

Key words: Allium cepa, Clarias gariepinus, chloramphenicol, Haematology, Histology Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Survival



Share this Article


Advertisement
Journal of Apitherapy

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons