The practice of Veterinary medicine in Nigeria could be traced back to 1904 when Captain Carr of the Royal Army Veterinary Corps was dispatched to Nigeria to lay the foundation for the control of the then raging cattle plaque (Rinderpest) of that era. Consequent upon this, Veterinary department was established in Zaria in 1913 and later relocated to Vom in 1924 which led to the recruitment of two Veterinary officers, G.E. Owen and F.R. Brandt. Since then, Veterinary practice has evolved in Nigeria. This paper reports factors limiting effective Veterinary practice in Oyo State. These include: inadequate personnel in the civil service, lack of access to capital by private Veterinarians, weak laboratory infrastructure and poor budgetary allocation to animal health projects among others.
Veterinary Practice, Oyo State, Personnel, Weak infrastructure, Capital.