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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2018; 9(12): 860-864


Correlates of Awareness and Attitude Regarding HIV / AIDS Transmission in Pregnant Females Attending Tertiary Care Center of Southern Rajasthan

Reshma Reja, Atul Kumar Gupta, Rekha Bhatnager, Arun Singh.

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: India has the third largest HIV epidemic in the world. HIV prevalence in India was an estimated 0.26 %. HIV related stigma and discrimination remains an enormous barrier to effectively fighting the HIV and AIDS epidemic. HIV causes morbidity and mortality in infants and children, pertaining to its Parent- to-child transmission (PPTCT) risk. PPTCT is responsible for 90% childhood HIV infection. Present study was done to assess the awareness regarding HIV/AIDS transmission in pregnant women and their attitude towards people living with HIV/ AIDS(PLHA).Methodology: It was a hospital based cross-sectional study conducted on pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at M.B Hospital associated with R.N.T.Medical College,Udaipur. 320 pregnant mothers were interviewed using a semi structured questionnaire. Results : Out of 320 pregnant females majority were of age group 20-25 years ,68%were housewives.77% mothers knew that HIV is transmitted by sexual route.30% of the mothers thought that one could get infected by merely touching an HIV positive people. The association of knowledge score with educational status and residential status is highly significant (p

Key words: Keywords: - HIV/AIDS, Awareness, Pregnant women,PLHA( People living with HIV/AIDS).



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