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J Contemp Med. 2013; 3(1): 22-27

Retrospective Evaluation of Poisoning Patients in the Emergency Department

Onur DAL, Hasan KAVAK, Serhat AKAY, E. Erol ÜNLÜER, Ersin AKSAY.

Objective: The aim in our study was to evaluate the demographics and clinical properties of patients admitted to emergency department (ED) with intoxication.
Methods: The patients admitted to our ED between 01.07.2009 - 31.12.2009 were searched retrospectively. The age, sex, reason of poisoning, whether the poison for the purpose of suicide, the way of intoxication, time spent before admission to ED , poison severity score, treatment, clinical course, ED and hospital admission duration were evaluated.
Results: Three hundred and fifty-five intoxication cases were admitted to ED. The average age was 25,8±11,4. Seventy-two point one percent of all patients were female. The percent of the patients admitted to ED between time 16:00-23:59 was 49,6. Drugs were the major cause of poisoning, %86,5 of all patients were suicide attempts , %44,2 of all patients admited to ED in 2 hours after poisoning, the exam of %89,9 of all patients were normal. Fourty-three point nine percent of all patients were discharged from ED, %17,7 were hospitalized to services, %18,6 were hospitalized to intensive care unit (ICU), %1,7 were transsported to another hospital and %17,9 were left ED.
Conclusion: Intoxication is the problem of young women and drugs are the most frequent agents. The cases poisoned by Tricyclic antidepressant or antipsychotic or anxiolytic or β blockers had more the physical examination abnormalities than the cases poisoned by without these drugs.

Key words: Poisoning, toxicology, emergency department

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