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JARMS. 2012; 4(3): 243-245


A Morphometeric Analysis Of Foramen Ovale and Foramen Spinosum Of human Sphenoid Bone In The South Gujarat Population: Vital For Medical Practitioners In Cases Of Trigeminal Neuralgia

Deepa Rani Agarwal, Sandeep B. Gupta.

Abstract
Foramen ovale and spinosum are important openings on the infratemporal surface of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone. The knowledge of anatomic morphometery of foramen ovale and spinosum is significant to medical practitioners in cases of trigeminal neuralgia and in diagnostic detection of tumors and abnormal bony outgrowths. The aim of the study was to elucidate the morphological features of the foramen ovale and spinosum in an adult South Gujarat population, the area where this information was scanty. This study was conduted using 50 dried human skulls irrespective of sex in the department of Anatomy SMIMER and GMC Medical College Surat, Gujarat. Measurements were done using a pair of dividers to span across the anteroposterior( length) and transverse( width) diameters of the foramina and then transferred to a meter rule for the readings to be taken. The lengths of right and left foramen ovale were 5.0-9.0mm and 5.0-9.5mm, respectively. The mean of the lengths of the right foramen ovale was 7.110.09mm while that of the lengths of the left foramen ovale was 7.130.09mm. The widths of both right and left foramen ovale were 2.0-5.0mm. The mean of the widths of the right foramen ovale was 3.440.07mm while that of the left foramen ovale was 3.370.07mm. There was no significant difference between the mean of the length and width of the right and left foramen ovale. The length of the right and left foramen spinosum was 1.0-4.0mm and 1.5-3.5mm, respectively. The mean of the length of the right foramen spinosum was 2.420.05mm while that of the left was 2.370.05mm. The width of both right and left foramen spinosum was 1.0mm to 2.0mm. The mean of the widths of the right foramen spinosum was 1.680.03mm while that of the left foramen spinosum was 1.650.03mm. There was no significant difference between the mean of the length and width of the right and left foramen spinosum.

Key words: Foramen ovale, Spinosum, Human Sphenoid, Morphometry, South



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