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Vet World. 2013; 6(8): 558-562


Investigation of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus in Sudan using competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

Abdelghafar M. Elfahal, Mohammed O. Hussien, Khalid A. Enan, Khalid M. Taha, Diaeldin A. Salih, Rajaa H. Halfawi, Zakia A. Mohammed and Abdelrahim M. El-Hussein.

Abstract
Aim:
This seroprevalence study was carried out to detect anti Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus (CAEV) antibodies in goat sera in five States in the Sudan during 2009 and 2010.

Materials and Methods:
In this study, four hundred and thirty two sera samples collected from five States in the Sudan were screened for anti-CAE virus antibodies using a commercial competitive ELISA (cELISA) kit.

Results:
Out of 432 samples, 25 (5.8%) tested positive using ELISA. The highest prevalence was recorded in El-gazira State (19%), whereas in Kassala State the prevalence was 10.7%, Khartoum State (0.92%) and no positive antibodies were found in Northern and River Nile.

Conclusion:
The information obtained in this study showed that the disease spread to other states in the Sudan beside Khartoum state. Therefore, further epizootiological investigation on CAEV and Maedi Visna Virus at the country level is important to monitor its spread and determine its economic impact in the Sudan, while better control on imported animals for genetic improvement must be instituted.

Key words: Goats, SRLVs, CAEV, cELISA, Sudan



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