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Med Arch. 2018; 72(3): 220-223


Death as a Consequence of Foreign Body Aspiration in Children

Fuad Brkic, Sekib Umihanic, Hasan Altumbabic, Almedina Ramas, Almir Salkic, Sefika Umihanic, Majda Mujic, Lejla Softic, Sabrina Zulcic.

Abstract
Aim: To analyze the rate of mortality in children with foreign body aspiration (FBA). Methods: We outlined a retrospective review of hospital data of patients between 1971 and 2013. FBA occurring in children 0 year to 14 years was considered for inclusion (patient ages ranged from 0.6 to 15 years, with a median age of 2.2 years). The gender structure within the investigated cases was 75.8% males and 24.2% females. During the study period, 772 patients undergoing rigid bronchoscopy with the diagnosis of FBA were included. Deaths on arrival were excluded. Results: Total rate of mortality (for whole investigated period) was 0.785. For last fifteen years of the investigated period the rate of mortality was zero. Conclusion: For prevention of foreign body aspiration in children and its mortality should be taken two strategies: non-medical (alterations in product design and public education campaigns) and medical (education of medical staff and improvement of equipment).

Key words: foreign body aspiration, children, the rate of mortality, death.



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