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Anti-diabetogenic impact of bitter melon (Momordica charantia) and mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) on alloxan induced diabetic rabbit model

Mahabuba Begum, Fahima Binthe Aziz, Rakibul Islam, Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Misrat Masuma Parvez, Sumon Sarkar.

Abstract
The increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus in recent years to the focus of public health interests in Bangladesh. Herbal medicinal plant such as mahogany and bitter melon can be used as alternative of synthetic drugs to avoid side effects and high cost. So the present study was undertaken to investigate the antidiabetogenic effect of bitter melon and mahogany on diabetic rabbits. Four months old rabbits were randomly assigned into five groups (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5) with 4 rabbits. Group T1 was kept for negative (no alloxan) control, the rest of the group (T2, T3, T4 and T5) were injected with alloxan intramuscularly at a dose rate of 75mg /kg body weight. T2 was positive control group. Group T3, T4 and T5 was considered for bitter melon (150mg/kg b.w.), mahogany (50mg/kg b.w) and combined with previous dose respectively. Suspension of both fruit was tested for its efficacy in alloxan induced diabetic rabbit. Over the course of the trial, observations were recorded for induction of diabetics, blood glucose level, and body weight after 72 hours. Blood glucose level were increased significantly (p

Key words: diabetes; rabbit; alloxan; mahogany; bitter melon



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