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Natl J Med Res. 2012; 2(4): 493-496


Effect of Awareness of Diabetes on Clinical Outcomes of Diabetes: An Observational Study at a Private Hospital in Gujarat

Desai Rujul, Parul Vadgama, Dhruv Parth.

Abstract
Introduction: Rapid increase in diabetics is observed especially in developing world. Semi urban and rural areas are adopting life style of metro and urban areas which also bring lifestyle related disease like diabetes. Proper knowledge regarding the natural history of disease, risk factors, complication and its treatment help in better management of diabetes. This study conducted to assess existing awareness and gaps regarding diabetes in patients of diabetes in a private hospital.
Methods: This was cross sectional study conducted among 80 patients using a semi-structured pre-tested questioner. Total 50 questions were included in the proforma. Appropriate statistical test was applied for data analysis.
Results: Mean knowledge score was 19.06 (SD=3.75) out of 50. Dividing questions in to different aspects of disease knowledge, mean scores were found to be below half of the maximum scores in all area except symptoms where it was 4.26 out of maximum 8. Gender, level of education and age was found to be significantly associated with level of knowledge while type of occupation is not associated with it. Mean level of random blood sugar, BMI and systolic blood pressure were 126.12 mg/dL, 30.49 kg/m2 and 143 mmHg respectively which are higher than normal.
Conclusion: Lower awareness regarding diabetes may lead to poor self management of disease which ultimately reflects in to poor control of clinical outcomes.

Key words: Diabetes, awareness, self management, complications



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