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IJCRR. 2013; 5(1): 82-85


CONDITION OF OBSERVING THE PRINCIPLES OF RADIATION PROTECTION IN RADIOLOGY CENTERS IN SISTAN AND BALUCHESTAN PROVINCE OF IRAN

Mohammad Javad Keikhai Farzaneh, Ali Akbar Mehmandoost-Khajeh-Dad, Baharan Namayeshi, Zahra Noori Varmal, Mohsen Mesgarani.

Abstract
Objective: One of the most important complications of imaging with X-rays is genetic effects and carcinogenic nature of these radiations. For this reason, various guidelines in the field of ionizing radiation protection have been done from national and international organizations in the recent decades. This study aims to investigate the amount of observing the principles of radiation protection in Sistan and Balouchstan radiological centers.
Materials and Methods: in this descriptive study, a checklist was provided based on the recommendations done by the institute for the principles of radiation protection of Iran Atomic Energy Organization and then 10 diagnostic imaging centers was evaluated to determine the value of observing the principles of radiation protection according to this checklist.
Findings: considering the centers under study, 10% of them did not have protection shield in reproductive glands; all the centers were benefitted from leaden hood, but these leaden hoods were used only in 60% of the centers for the protection of one accompanier; no outdated films were used in the centers and film badge was used in all centers for the radiation monitoring of the personnel. Of the centers under study, 20% of them were involved in their activity without using air conditioning device. 10% of the centers were devoid of entrance warning signs, but the sign of radiation zone was installed in all centers. In 10% of the concerned centers, the entrance door of the radiography room was not completely closed, but more leaden partition was used for more protection against radiation in the time of portable radiography. There was no leaden glass in 50% of the regarded centers, but no leaden glass was also used in the imaging process of the centers that have leaden glasses.
Results and Discussion: although observing the radiation protection in the concerned centers is satisfactory, these protection principles were not completely observed in all centers, which the observation of protective principles can be promoted through the orderly observation and controlled by the relevant authorities and holding the classes of protection against radiation.

Key words: radiation protection; X-rays; radiology.



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