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IJAVMS. 2014; 8(3): 57-63


Prevalence of haemorrhagic septicaemia in cattle and buffalo in Punjab, Pakistan

Rehana Anjum, Safia Ahmed, Mohammad Siddique, Mohammad Abubakar.

Abstract
The objective of the study was to determine prevalence of haeorrhagic septicaemia in cattle and buffalo in Punjab, Pakistan. Data collected from all districts of Punjab during 2004-2005, 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 was analysed by using Arc GIS ver. 9.1 (ESRI).
An overall prevalence of 5.86% was calculated during the year 2004-05 while in cattle, prevalence of 4.34% and in buffalo, prevalence of 7.92%, was recorded. An overall prevalence of 5.71% was calculated during the year 2005-06 while the value for the year 2006-07 were 9.41%. Statistical analysis was elaborated by applying one way ANOVA. A highly significant difference (P< 0.001) was found between morbidity, mortality and case fatality rates during the study years. By applying multiple comparisons using LSD to know the groupwise comparison, a significant (P< 0.01) difference in cattle affected, buffalo affected and total affected, cattle dead, buffalo dead and total dead was observed between the study years. However no significant difference (P>.22) in these parameters was found in years 2005-06 and 2006-07 respectively. Arc-GIS Geo-statistical analyst was used to interpolate the prevalence of animals affected with HS in Punjab during the years (2004-07). The spatial trend for the respective years was showing increasing trend for total prevalence in north western, western and south western regions of Punjab.

Key words: Prevalence, Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, cattle and buffalo, punjab



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