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Natl J Integr Res Med. 2013; 4(2): 140-143

Clinical Spectrum, Complications & Treatment Outcomes Of Malaria (In Pediatric Patients)

Pankti D. Desai*, Halak Vasavda*, Hetal D. Vora**, S. H. Mansuri***, Bhavesh Patel****.

Malaria is one of the foremost public health problems in India. Objectives: To study the clinical spectrum, complications & treatment outcome in smear positive hospitalized children having malaria. Method: this prospective observational study enrolled 190 smear positive malaria patients admitted in pediatric wards of general hospital during 6 months. History taken & examination done. All patients were investigated & treated according to WHO guidelines & followed twice daily till their hospital stay. Results: 88% of patients were having P. vivax malaria. Males were 2.1 times more commonly affected. Age group most commonly affected was 5 to 10 years. Highest no of cases were reported in month of August. All patients were having history of fever. Thrombocytopenia was frequently associated (87%). Cerebral malaria was the commonest complication. Almost all patients with uncomplicated vivax malaria responded to Chloroquine. CFR was 1.05%. [Desai P et al NJIRM 2013; 4(2) : 140-143]

Key words: Malaria, Symptoms, Complications, Antimalarial drugs

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