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A study of morbidity and drug utilization pattern in indoor patients of high risk pregnancy at tertiary care hospital

Kamlesh P. Patel, Harsh M. Joshi, Varsha J. Patel.

Background: Pregnancy represents a special physiological state during which the use of drug is of growing concern due to risk of teratogenicity. High risk pregnancy is common threat to mother and foetus. Therefore, our aim was to study the drug utilization and morbidity pattern in high risk pregnancy in hospitalized pregnant women.
Methods: An observational, prospective study was carried out in 250 patients for 6 months in the tertiary care hospital. Protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB). The data were collected in a pre-designed proforma. Data were analysed by using SPSS version 20.0 Software.
Results: Among 250 patients, 19 (7.6%), 218 (87.2%) and 13 (5.2%) were of less than 20, 20 to 30 and more than 30 years of age respectively. About 68.8% women had complained of abdominal pain and 67.6% had weakness followed by headache / body ache (47.2%), oedema (26.4%) and vomiting (18.8%). Iron (91.2%) and calcium (84.5%) were the commonest drugs prescribed followed by folic acid (59.6%), protein powder (54.8%), vitamin C (46.8%) and isoxsuprine (26.6%). As per FDA Drug Risk Category, Category-A (82.21%) was most frequently prescribed followed by Category-B (15.64%) and Category-C (2.15%). Percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name and from essential drug list was 62.80% and 80.79%.
Conclusion: Iron, Calcium and Folic acid were most commonly prescribed drugs. There is lesser number of drugs prescribed by generic name suggesting need for sincere efforts to improve situation.

Key words: Drug utilization, High risk pregnancy, WHO core drug prescribing indicators

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