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Natl J Integr Res Med. 2010; 1(4): 10-15


Evaluation of Primary immunization coverage in an urban area of Bareilly city using Cluster Sampling Technique

Dr. Varsha chaudhary* Dr. Rajeev Kumar**, Dr. V.K.Agarwal*, Dr. H.S.Joshi*,Mr. Mahender Sharma***.

Abstract
Infectious diseases are major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. One of the most cost effective and easy methods for the child survival is immunization. Objective of present study was to find out the various reasons for partial or non immunization of child and to assess the factors associated with immunization. The present cross sectional study was carried out in urban slums of Bareilly city from April 2010 to Aug. 2010 using 30 by 7 cluster sampling technique. A total of seven children aged 12-23 months were interviewed from each cluster on pre tested, predesigned schedule, thus giving us the sample size of 210.Chi square test was applied for statistical analysis. Two third children (61.9%) were found to be fully immunized. Immunization coverage was high for BCG (92.86%) and lowest for measles (62.38%). Most common reason (50%) for partial and non immunization of children was found to be ignorance on the part of parents. Religion, education of both mother and father was found to be significantly associated with immunization status. The need of the hour is to make routine immunization a “felt need” of the community. Increasing the knowledge and understanding of the caretakers of the young children about the essentiality and benefits of routine immunization would be a strong step forward in achieving the goals.

Key words: Immunization coverage, urban slums, clusters sampling.



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