Irritable bowel syndrome is the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain, bloating and change in bowel habit and generates a significant health care burden. The etiopathogenesis still remains uncertain. The disorder does not contain the structural or biochemical abnormalities, so the diagnostic findings are the symptoms. The Rome criteria are currently the most widely applied criteria used in clinical diagnosis and research purposes. The approach to treatment emphasizes an effective physician-patient relationship, to reassure the patient, patient education, dietary modification, pharmacotherapy and behavioral therapy.
Irritable bowel syndrome, Rome criteria, etiopathogenesis, treatment