Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access


Natl J Integr Res Med. 2013; 4(4): 20-26

Determinants of Infant Mortality in a Developing Region in Rural Andhra Pradesh

Dr. Kusneniwar G.N.*, Dr. Mishra A. K.**, Dr.Balasubramanian K.***, Dr.Reddy P.S.****.

Introduction: Background & Objectives: Despite several interventions implemented for the improvement of infant survival, the pace of decline in infant mortality in the State of Andhra Pradesh during the last two decades has been rather slow. This paper examines determinants of infant mortality in a rural population of about 45000 in Medchal region of Andhra Pradesh, India. Methods: Data obtained through continuous (longitudinal) enumeration of household population and also from the cross-sectional survey of households carried out during 2008-09 in the study area were analyzed. A univariate analysis was carried out and followed by an application of binary logistic regression model to identify significant factors associated with infant mortality. Results: Despite a substantial increase in institutional deliveries in the study area, infant mortality rate remained relatively constant at 431. Socioeconomic variables such as education and household economic status and environmental variables such as access to safe drinking water and sanitation facility and use of clean cooking fuel emerged as significant predictors of infant survival. Interpretation & Conclusions: Promoting institutional deliveries by providing cash assistance to women by itself cannot be expected to bring down infant mortality to a low level in the absence of an improvement in socioeconomic and environmental conditions of the households. [Kusneniwar G. et al NJIRM 2013; 4(4) : 20-26]

Key words: Determinants, infant mortality, relative risk (odds ratio)

Share this Article

American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health


ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons