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Acta Inform Med. 2010; 18(4): 236-238


Prenatal Diagnosis of Multiple Rhabdomyma by Fetal Echocardiography Method, Clinical Outcome and Association with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

Ramush Bejiqi, Hana Bejiqi, Ragip Retkoceri, Mehmedali Azemi.

Abstract
In general cardiac tumors are very rare in infants and children, especially in neonatal period. In all ages (in children and fetuses) cardiac tumors are usually benign but may induce life threatening symptoms with nonspecific symptoms and often mimic other heart disease. Predominate cardiac symptoms but they also can manifest systemic and embolic symptoms too. The vide speed use of echocardiography and other non-invasive diagnostic methods in recent years has resulted in increase in detection of children and fetuses with cardiac tumors. Cardiac rhabdomyomas are the most common primary tumor of the heart in infants and children. The tumor is closely associated with tuberous sclerosis and occurs in more than 50 % of patients with this disease. We presented our experience of a case with fetal cardiac multiple rhabdomyoma diagnosed prenatally, the clinical outcome during the four year and association with tuberous sclerosis complex.

Key words: cardiac tumor, rhabdomyoma, prenatal echocardiography, seizure, tuberous sclerosis



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