Orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) most commonly known in clinical parlance as “Orthodontic root resorption” is an iatrogenic consequence of orthodontic treatment. With this in mind, orthodontist should take all known measures to reduce the occurrence of OIIRR. The present review discusses the basic sciences aspect of OIIRR as well as several clinical considerations that should be kept in mind before, during and after orthodontic force application on the tooth. Though none of them can be relied on to completely prevent OIIRR, these safety measures will be helpful in minimizing the damage to the patient as well as protect the dentist from any kind of embarrassment and unnecessary litigation.
Root Resorption, Orthodontic Treatment