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IJAVMS. 2014; 8(5): 142-149


Epidemiological studies on parasitic infestations in camels (Camelus dromedaries) in Egypt

Ahmed Abdel-Rady Abdel-Rady.

Abstract
The prevalence of parasitic infestations was studied in camels. A total of 460 camels of different age, sex and localities were examined. Collected fecal samples were subjected to sedimentation and floatation techniques and then examined for detection parasitic eggs. Fecal examination revealed that 26.9% of the camels parasitic eggs in their feces. Different types of parasites eggs prevalence were Strongylus sp. 8.2%, Trichostrongylus sp. 6.7%, Trichuris sp. 4.7%, and mixed infections with parasites were recorded in 7.1 %. In these results recorded hard ticks infestation in camels 28.6%. Sarcoptic scabei var cameli (mange-mite) infested camels are 12.1%. Moreover, blood smears from jugular vein revealed that camels are infestation by blood parasites as Trypanosoma evansi is 9.5%.The prevalence of parasitic infestation as internal and external observed in the present study was suggests that parasites are more common in the farms or herds camels that examined and may be leads to economic camel production losses, so the treatment of infested camels with a specific and effective drugs as the following ivermectin for external and internal parasites and cymelarsan against trypanosomiasis, are needed to control spreading of parasitic infestation and also prevent the losses of camels.
Key words: Epidemiology, Camels, Parasitic infestation, Diagnosis, treatment

Key words: Key words: Epidemiology, Camels, Parasitic infestation, Diagnosis, treatment



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