Assessment of Plasma Levels of Fasting Blood Glucose, Triglycerides, Total Cholesterol, and HbA1c in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Seif Eldeen Ahmed, Elyasaa Mustafa, Esam Mohamed AbdulRaheem.
Objective and Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the significance of glycosylated Haemoglobin, triglycerides and total cholesterol in type 2 Saudi diabetic patients.
Material and Methods: This study was conducted at Al- Quwayiyah City during the period between September 2012 and February 2013. The participants were 100 patients with type 2 diabetes and 50 apparently healthy individuals as control group. Venous blood samples were collected from all participants. The whole blood and sera were analyzed for glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood glucose and lipid profile. The statistical analysis was done by SPSS statistical package.
Results: Plasma glucose, triglycerides and total cholesterol were significantly increased in diabetic patients compared with control group (P- value 0.000, 0.042 and 0.05 respectively). HbA1c showed positive correlations with fasting blood glucose, triglycerides and total Cholesterol (r = 0.554, P = 0.000, r = 0.288, P = 0.026 and r = 0. 283, P = 0.028 respectively).
Conclusion: It is concluded from the results of this study that HbA1c can be used as a predictor of dyslipidemia in patients with type II diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus; Fasting Blood Glucose; Lipid profile; glycosylated Haemoglobin