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BMMR. 2008; 11(4): 149-155


Health beliefs and breast self-examination practice in Turkish women working in a military institution

Kara B, Iscan B, Atak N.

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to
examine health beliefs and practice of breast
self-examination (BSE) in Turkish women.
The study was designed as a cross-sectional
survey between October and November 2006.
The study sample consisted of 174 women who
worked in the Turkish Naval Forces
Command. The data were collected by using a
personal data form and the Champion's
Health Belief Model Scale. Descriptive statistics,
reliability analysis, The Mann-Whitney U
test and the chi-square test were used for data
analysis. About 62% of the women reported
practising BSE at least once in the previous
year, only 16.1% performed BSE regularly
every month. It was found that there is a significant
relationship between the frequency of
BSE practice and having knowledge on BSE.
There was a statistically significant difference
in the mean scores on confidence and barriers
subscales between the women who performed
regular BSE and those who did not. The
results of this study showed that women who
were informed about BSE, had more confidence
in their ability to perform BSE, and perceived
fewer barriers were more likely to
practice BSE regularly.

Key words: Breast cancer, breast self-examination,health beliefs, Turkish women



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