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IJAVMS. 2014; 8(2): 34-40

Effect of Water Restriction and Ascorbic acid Supplementation on Hematology and Serum biochemistry of Japanese Quails in Sokoto, Nigeria.

Bashir Saidu*, Peter Ibrahim Rekwot, Lawrence Okwonko Aka, Aminu Mohammed Umaru, Abdullahi Ja'afaru Is'haq, Mustapha Mamman Oyiza, Hassan Maina Ibrahim, Bashiru Garba, Danladi Mohammed Salihu, Bashir Sani, Mika'eel Bala Abubakar, Abdullahi Abdullahi Raji, Yusha'u Shu'aibu Baraya, Abubakar Musa Mayaki, Aliyu Jibril, Abdurrahman Hassan Jibril, Muhammad Bashar Bello.

The study was conducted to determine the effect of water restriction and ascorbic acid supplementation on hematological and serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) during the early dry season (November to December). Temperature and relative humidity during the first, second and third weeks of the experiment were 37.7 0C and 19 %, 28.9 0C and 33 % and 25.5 0C and 78 % respectively. One hundred and fifty (n=150) three-week old male (30) and female(120) Japanese quails were randomly divided into three groups of equal numbers and fed ad libitum with commercially prepared layer mash and assigned to groups A, B and C comprising of fifty birds per group. Fifty percent water restriction was tested on groups B and C while group C was supplemented with 250mg Ascorbic acid (AA). Group A was the control group, group B was deprived of water with no AA supplementation (-AA) and group C was deprived of water but supplemented with AA (+AA). The results of the study demonstrated no significant (P < 0.05) difference in hematological indices between all the groups. Serum biochemistry revealed significantly higher (P> 0.05) levels of plasma glucose, urea and creatinin in the experimental groups compared to the control group while no significant differences (P < 0.05) in serum level of: Na+, Ca2+, K, P and uric acid were recorded between all the groups.

Key words: Ascorbic acid,hematology,quails, restriction, serum biochemistry, supplementation, water.

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American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health


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