STRUCTURAL DAMAGE IN THE NECK STRUCTURES DUE TO HANGINGDharmaraya Ingale, Rekha Hiremath, Anand Mugadlimath, M. A. Bagali, Manjunath K. H., Thirunavukkarasu.
Structural damage in the neck structures due to hanging this study was conducted at department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Victoria Hospital Bangalore.
Methodology: All the cases of death due to hanging that were autopsied in the department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Victoria Hospital Bangalore, for August 1994 to July 1996 (two years) were included and studied. Death by hanging or strangulation is more heinous & violent, either public, investigating agencies or the judiciary have the belief that of fracture hyoid bone is as an indicator of homicidal suspension. Either in hanging or in strangulation cases the hyoid bone slips either below or above the ligature or the hand through which the force is transmitted over the neck structures. Under such circumstances fracture of hyoid bone is very rare unless it is caught under broad ligature material or under the constricting fingers.
Results: Total 673 cases of death due to Hanging are studied over the period of two years and among them 87 cases in which there was no evidence of ligature mark being ante mortem, the skin & sub-coetaneous tissues adjacent to ligature material were preserved for Microscopic evidence of trauma.
Hanging, strangulation, injury to neck structures, hyoidbone
American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology
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