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Gulhane Med J. 2003; 45(2): 135-137


The Prevalence of Superficial Fungal Infections Among Soldiers Who Assigned in The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Dr. Sezai ŞAŞMAZ1, Dr. Ömer ÇALKA2, Dr. Hilmi Cevdet ALTINYAZAR3.

Abstract
Objective: In our study, it was aimed to determine the frequency and spectrum of superficial fungal infections among soldiers who were admitted to the dermatology outpatient clinic in The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Material and Methods: In the period of February-May 2000, 925 soldiers who were admitted consecutively to the dermatology outpatient clinic of Girne Military Hospital of Northern Cyprus Turkish Peace Forces were assessed for superficial fungal infections by a complete dermatological examination. The diagnosis of superficial fungal infections was made by the use of potassium hydroxide preparations in addition to clinical appearance (when needed) and the findings were recorded to a form. Results: Among 925 soldiers included the study, the frequency of superficial fungal infections was found to be 20% (185 soldiers). Out of 185 cases, 151 had dermatophytosis (81.6%), 32 had tinea versicolor (17.3%) and 2 had candidiasis (1.1%). Conclusion: The high frequency of superficial fungal infections in facilities such as military service in which humans live in crowded populations will be decreased by preventive measures and educational studies. Moreover, both loss of working power and medical expenses will be kept in the least possible level.

Key words: Mycoses, Soldier, Cyprus, Epidemiology



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