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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2018; 9(9): 725-729


Association between Environmental Factors and Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Case Control Study

Amandeep Kaur Ratta, Sanjay S. Kubde, Radha Munje.

Abstract
"Background: Association between environmental factors and tu-berculosis infection assists in understanding the risk for tuberculosis infection in the community and planning appropriate preventive actions based on this risk. The study conducted to evaluate association between environmental factors & pulmonary tuberculosis.
Materials & method: This was case control study carried out in tertiary care hospital & urban field practice area from July 2010 to November 2012. Total 150 cases, 150 hospital control & 150 community controls were included in the study according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study participants were interviewed and examined according to the preformed and pretested proforma in the respective OPDs.
Results: On univariate analysis, H/O contact with case of tubercu-losis H/O not having BCG scar, overcrowding, use of wood, coal and kerosene oil as cooking fuel and kutcha house were found to have significant association with pulmonary TB and odds ratio & p value for this were statistically significant (

Key words: Overcrowding, cooking fuel, kuchha house, tuberculosis.



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