AIM: The diagnosis of acute toxoplasmosis depends on the presence of immunoglobulin M (IgM), but it may persist for a long time in some cases. The objective of this study was to determine the role and accuracy of IgG avidity for the detection of acute Toxoplasmosis in early pregnancy.
METHOD: The study included 160 women. Sera were screened for anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM and for IgG-avidity using ELIZA. PCR was done for confirmation in selected group of specimens. This study was performed at the College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia from January 2008 through April 2009.
RESULTS: 32 cases of low avidity were negative IgM while 15 cases of high avidity were positive IgM. 16 cases of low avidity were positive IgG. The accuracy of low avidity in relation to positive IgM revealed a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and likelihood ratio of 77.0%, 51.5%, 64.0%, 66.7% and 1.58 respectively. The accuracy of low IgG avidity in comparison with PCR demonstrated 91%, 45.7%, 60.4% and 84.2% respectively.
CONCLUSION: Negative IgM didnít exclude recent Toxoplasma infection and positive IgG may be present with recent infection. IgG avidity testing help in accurate differentiation of recent infections.
Toxoplasma gondii, Diagnostic Accuracy, IgG Avidity, Pregnancy, Saudi Arabia