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Original Research

Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2011; 12(2): 130-136


The frequency of childhood trauma and relationship with psychopathology in psychiatric patients

Sibel Örsel, Hasan Karadağ, Akfer Karaoğlan Kahiloğulları, Emel Akgün Aktaş.

Abstract
Objective: Abuse is considered as a risk factor for psychiatric disorders. In this study, we aimed to determine the
frequency and risk factors of childhood emotional, physical, and sexual in psychiatric outpatient population and
compare the diagnostic groups in terms of these factors. Methods: In this cross-sectional, and descriptive epidemiologic study 183 patients whom accept to participate was enrolled in the study. Inclusion criteria is being
aged between 15 and 67, diagnosed by DSM-IV (SCID) psychiatric disorder other than mental retardation and
psychiatric disorder due to general medical condition. Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and a survey including
sociodemografic characteristics and features of abuse were applied by an interview. Results: Of the sample
65.7% (n=117) reported at least one and 6.1% (n=11) reported all three childhood emotional, physical and sexual
abuse. The frequency of emotional and physical neglect was %81.6 (n=146) and %72.1(n=129). Whilst the
reported emotional abuse was significantly more prevalent only in anxiety disorders, the distribution of other
abuse types were similar in diagnostic groups. The group reported sexual abuse had statistically significant higher
alcohol-substance abuse/dependence and suicide rates. When we examine family risk factors, low parent
education, in families that has interparental violence and in the group which reported being separated from
parents because of migration, education and divorce, had significant higher rates of abuse. Discussion: The high
prevalence of abuse in psychiatric patients, especially in mood and anxiety disorders is pointing at the need for
development of preventative approaches. The rate of abuse is higher if there is violation between parents and/or
the child is separated from parents for a long time. Because of this precausatory measures, togetherness of
parent-child and decreasing family violence have to be obtained for protecting children.

Key words: abuse, psychopathology, violence



Article Language: Turkish English



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