Salmonellosis is one of the widest spread food borne zoonoses in all the continents of the world. The objective of this study was to characterize the fecal shedding and peripheral blood prevalence of Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhimurium in Pakistanis with clinical signs of food borne disease. In this experiment, 200 samples of human stool and blood were collected (100 of stool and 100 of blood) of all 100 patients suspected from food borne disease patients from four different hospitals of Lahore area and analysed for the identification of Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhimurium through PCR test. On average 14% and 10% stool samples were found positive for Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhimurium from all of the 25 patients of each hospital respectively in case of suspected food borne disease patients. Similarly on an average 5% and 6% blood samples were found positive from all 25 patients of each hospital respectively. It was concluded that humans consume poultry meat and eggs and thus Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhimurium may transfer from poultry products and cause food borne disease in humans showing clinical signs diarrhea, fever and vomiting etc.
Salmonell enteritidis, Salmonella typhimurium, food borne disease, poultry meat, poultry eggs.